(Course Logo: Adult walking with cane and holding a child's hand)Designing for the Life Span Segment 3

[ Home | Slides 1-9 | Slides 10-19 | Slides 20-29 | Slides 30-39
| Slides 40-49 | Slides 50-59 | Slides 60-69 | Slides 70-74 ]

"Normal Aging Changes and the Design Response"

Slides 1-9

Slide 1 - Segment 3: Normal Aging Sensory Changes and the Design Response.

Slide 2 - Age Related Sensory Modality Change.

Slide 3 - Age Related Sensory Modality Change (part 2)

Slide 4 - Normal Age Changes: Determining the Onset of Sensory Modality Losses Related to Age.

Slide 5 - Taste and touch remain relatively heightened sensitivities throughout life into old age.

Slide 6 - Fundamentals of Human Factors.

Slide 7 - Fundamentals of Human Factors (part 2).

Slide 8 - Fundamentals of Human Factors (part 3).

Slide 9 - Hearing.

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Slides 10-19

Slide 10 - The high frequencies of sound are lost when an aging individual endures presbycusis.

Slide 11 - Vision changes over time are complex and numerous.

Slide 12 - Changes to the eye result in the following changes in acuity and perception.

Slide 13 - Vision and Aging: The human eye is a "camera" device - meaning that it uses a lens to focus light on a surface called the retina.

Slide 14 - Vision and Aging: The human eye has varying degrees of sensitivity to color in light.

Slide 15 - Vision and Aging: Changes in the human eye that occur progressively.

Slide 16 - Vision: Primary Colors in Pigment.

Slide 17 - Vision: Primary Colors in Light.

Slide 18 - We see shapes in colors differently.

Slide 19 - Observe the differentiation between the "figures" and "grounds" below.

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Slides 20-29

Slide 20 - Vision: The following guidelines should be followed in the application of text.

Slide 21 - Redundant Cueing.

Slide 22 - Closely related colors with regard to intensity and value- especially in the blue and green range- become difficult to differentiate from one another.

Slide 23 - Lens Opacity and Glare.

Slide 24 - Glare is one of the most significant problems within the domain of control by the architect, interior designer and product designer.

Slide 25 - The outdoor environment poses significant challenges for older adults especially on bright days when direct glare, as well as other forms of glare, is at its highest.

Slide 26 - Glare is exacerbated in this outdoor situation by the problems of low level accommodation and adaptation.

Slide 27 - The high amount of glare and the confusing array of shadows falling across the steps visually flattens the distances between steps, making the wood plank landing seem like a continuous surface and increasing the difficulty in finding the edges of the steps.

Slide 28 - Subtle changes in surface can present dangerous obstacles.

Slide 29 - Watch Your Step.

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Slides 30-39

Slide 30 - The view through the windshield of a car, over a glare reflecting hood and into an ever changing landscape of light, vehicles and objects.

Slide 31 - In recent years, the automobile companies have been more conscientious in their design of interior and exterior surfaces relating to the transmission of unwanted illumination or glare.

Slide 32 - Automotive control and displays vary with the model year and frequently good design is lost as technology and styles change.

Slide 33 - Conditions greatly improved in the design of contemporary automotive interiors.

Slide 34 - The interior environment poses as many visualization problems with regard to glare.

Slide 35 - The control of unwanted glare from both natural and artificial illumination sources is critical for successful negotiation and navigation of the man-made environment.

Slide 36 - The lack of contrast between the floor and counters in this kitchen creates a problem of visibility of the open dishwasher unit.

Slide 37 - Floors that have barely noticeable shifts in level become an obvious hazard- the difficulty compounded when vision changes occur.

Slide 38 - It is easy to understand how many things may become lost or misplaced when they are confused together without organization.

Slide 39 - Black text on a white ground in this display makes the types of cheeses impossible to distinguish one from the other.

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Slides 40-49

Slide 40 - The opacity of the cornea alone.

Slide 41 - Control and Display Panels found among consumer appliances present numerous challenges- and opportunities- to the product designer to realize and consider Human Centered Design.

Slide 42 - Microwave ovens have had an interesting history since they were introduced into the marketplace of consumer products during the mid-1960s.

Slide 43 - The glossy surface on this touch sensitive control panel disappears from view when seen through the empathic lens, simulating the glare seen by the aging eye.

Slide 44 - Sensory Change and the Product Design Response.

Slide 45 - The Design Principal that should be observed to make control and display systems more legible and, hence more useable is called redundant cueing.

Slide 46 - Separation of Groups of Controls permit easier identification of function.

Slide 47 - In the development of this video camera using the advanced technology of read/write photo CDs.

Slide 48 - Redundant Cueing of controls through color and shape coding allows for signaling using both visual and tactile cues.

Slide 49 - A thermal induction cook-top presents significant control and display attributes.

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Slides 50-59

Slide 50 - In this presentation mockup, the burner surfaces can be touched even when at full power because the heat can only be transferred to a metal surface.

Slide 51 - Electronic Communications and Computing Technologies and Use by Older Adults.

Slide 52 - Electronic Technologies and Older Adults (part 1).

Slide 53 - Electronic Technologies and Older Adults (part 2).

Slide 54 - Electronic Technologies and Older Adults (part 3).

Slide 55 - Electronic Technologies and Older Adults (part 4).

Slide 56 - Tools, Containers and Changes in Strength (part 1).

Slide 57 - Tools, Containers and Changes in Strength (part 2).

Slide 58 - Tools, Containers and Changes in Strength (part 3).

Slide 59 - Tools, Containers and Changes in Strength (part 4).

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Slides 60-69

Slide 60 - Making Selections Among Packages Products.

Slide 61 - Packaged Products and Surface Graphics and Text.

Slide 62 - Packaged Products.

Slide 63 - Summary Conclusions.

Slide 64 - Summary Conclusions - the Onset of Sensory Change.

Slide 65 - Summary Conclusions - Hearing Change.

Slide 66 - Summary Conclusions - Vision Change.

Slide 67 - Summary Conclusions - Design Response to Sensory Change.

Slide 68 - Summary Conclusions - Strength and Dexterity Changes.

Slide 69 - Summary Conclusions - Design Response to Physiological Changes.

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Slides 70-74

Slide 70 - Resources.

Slide 71 - Two books essential to the library of the designer who need information on the light.

Slide 72 - Designers have developed their responses to age related changes, interpretations of the physiological and behavioral information that lead to better design- more inclusive design for a fuller range of an adult population.

Slide 73 - Designing for the Life Span: Segment 3 Credits.

Slide 74 - End of Segment and Contact Information.

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