(Course Logo: Adult walking with cane and holding a child's hand)Designing for the Life Span Segment 4

[ Home | Slides 1-9 | Slides 10-19 | Slides 20-29 | Slides 30-39 |
Slides 40-49 | Slides 50-59 | Slides 60-69 | Slides 70-78 ]


"Aging, Disability, Health Care and the Design Response"

Slides 1-9

Slide 1 - Segment 4 - Aging in Place: Disability, Health Care and the Design Response.

Slide 2 - Segment 4: Health, Disability and Health Care.

Slide 3 - Aging is both gradual and episodic with respect to the onset of chronic as well as pathological conditions.

Slide 4 - Robert Sommer, an eminent environmental psychologist depicted healthfulness as a life bubble.

Slide 5 - The health care picture in America is problematic with many decisions necessary before the middle of the next century or significant consequences will result for the nation.

Slide 6 - In sustaining health, the aging face the greatest challenges to their ability to maintain economic independence.

Slide 7 - Americans are less likely to use nursing home care today than they did 25 years ago.

Slide 8 - Most Common Conditions Causing Activity Limitations.

Slide 9 - Chronic Conditions with the Highest Risk of Disability over 65 Years.

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Slides 10-19

Slide 10 - Most Common Disabilities Among Children Under 18 Years.

Slide 11 - Distribution of Disabilities Among Age Segments (part 1).

Slide 12 - Distribution of Disabilities Among Age Segments (part 2).

Slide 13 - Activity Limitation By Age (part 1).

Slide 14 - Activity Limitation By Age (part 2).

Slide 15 - Distribution of Disabilities Among Age Segments.

Slide 16 - The Independent Elderly Living with Disabilities.

Slide 17 - By the middle of the next century, the government of the United States may be spending more on the health care of individuals over the age of 65 than it spends on national defense.

Slide 18 - The increased vulnerability that comes with illness is a factor in the sustainable health of older people.

Slide 19 - Aging in Place.

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Slides 20-29

Slide 20 - Remaining in one's own home is critical to overall health and well-being.

Slide 21 - Home range is defined by social gerontologists as the definition of outer boundaries to which someone will extend their most frequent activities.

Slide 22 - The environment is more than the sum of walls, appliances, furniture and our possessions.

Slide 23 - This Old House: The Rural Setting and Independent Elderly with Disabilities.

Slide 24 - Maintenance of homes - especially during inclement weather - poses a number of problems for the older adult.

Slide 25 - The staircase poses some of the most difficult spatial negotiation problems.

Slide 26 - The kitchen poses significant problems in this regard since access to stored cooking utensils, food stuffs and kitchenware is necessary throughout the day.

Slide 27 - Kitchens have achieved a degree of architectural uniformity owing to development of a "modular" approach shared by cabinet and appliance manufacturers.

Slide 28 - The Microwave Oven became a very popular food preparation device for the elderly soon after its release into the marketplace.

Slide 29 - Virtually all current models of ranges for the home have the control and display functions mounted on a "backsplash" forcing the user to reach over burners in order to actuate the product.

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Slides 30-39

Slide 30 - Medications require special attention with regard to their location in the home.

Slide 31 - The bathroom presents a number of challenges and serious problems for safety in the older home.

Slide 32 - The grab rail becomes a necessity.

Slide 33 - This High Seat Toilet is equipped with handrails that attach to the mounting points for the seat.

Slide 34 - Hot water running continuously into the waste-pipe can heat the pipe sufficiently to cause burns or scalds.

Slide 35 - The bathroom Medicine Cabinet may be inappropriately located above a sink and is a poor location for medications.

Slide 36 - The bathtub presents particularly difficult entrance and egress problems.

Slide 37 - Medicine Cabinets can be located anywhere in the home.

Slide 38 - Body Dimensioning, Physiological Change and Seating for Older Adults.

Slide 39 - Information Sources on Anthropometrics (part 1).

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Slides 40-49

Slide 40 - Information Sources on Anthropometrics (part 2).

Slide 41 - Information Sources on Anthropometrics (part 3).

Slide 42 - Information Sources on Anthropometrics (part 4).

Slide 43 - Distribution of Human Body Dimensions (part 1).

Slide 44 - Distribution of Human Body Dimensions (part 2).

Slide 45 - Distribution of Human Body Dimensions (part 3).

Slide 46 - Applications of Body Dimension Information: Seating.

Slide 47 - The home of the older person will usually have a singular favorite chair that acts as a "control center," according to M.

Slide 48 - Chair egress, or exiting from the chair, requires a transfer of the center of gravity of the body over the heels of the feet.

Slide 49 - Chairs with Mechanical Lifting Seats are an obvious but unsatisfactory solution to the problem of egress for older people with low strength.

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Slides 50-59

Slide 50 - Extending the armrest out beyond the leading edge of the seat cushion is essential in designing seating for the elderly.

Slide 51 - Egress: the Motion of Rising from a Chair.

Slide 52 - Standard Stationary Chair Egress.

Slide 53 - Lift Chair Egress.

Slide 54 - Tilting Chair Egress.

Slide 55 - Scandinavian design has produced many functional responses to seating for the elderly.

Slide 56 - The static geriatric chair has many versions in the marketplace.

Slide 57 - Other problems plague this chair- similar to those presented in many forms of seating supposedly meant for the elderly.

Slide 58 - Testing the Deflection in a Chair with a Suspension System (part 1).

Slide 59 - Testing the Deflection in a Chair with a Suspension System (part 2).

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Slides 60-69

Slide 60 - The Microenvironment of Products.

Slide 61 - Telephone access is an important consideration for older people- especially those suffering moderate to severe disabilities.

Slide 62 - The Touch-Tone Phone, for all of its speed and convenience, presents specific legibility problems and an increased error rate for the all users of the product.

Slide 63 - The Television receives much criticism for its role in usurping family activities and for the banality of programming that proliferates on the airwaves.

Slide 64 - The remote control, the "clicker," has been through an evolution that has seen simplicity (lower left) replaced by complexity (lower right).

Slide 65 - Water faucets and control knobs and levers are important control and display devices in the general daily activities of older people.

Slide 66 - Summary Conclusions.

Slide 67 - Summary Conclusions Related to Aging and Disability.

Slide 68 - Conclusions Related to Disability and the Older Adult Market.

Slide 69 - Conclusions Related to Aging in Place.

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Slides 70-78

Slide 70 - Conclusions Related to Aging, Physiological Change and Seating.

Slide 71 - Conclusions Related to Aging and the Product Environment.

Slide 72 - Resources.

Slide 73 - Designing for the Life Span: Segment 4 Credits.

Slide 74 - The literature is a very broad and deep covering the subject of aging in place and the behavior of older people related to environment.

Slide 75 - Designers have developed their responses to age related changes, interpretations of the physiological and behavioral information that lead to better design.

Slide 76 - Fundamentals of Human Factors: Environment Fit.

Slide 77 - Current Literature on the Subject of Seating.

Slide 78 - End of Segment and Contact Information.

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